How to Use PMT Function in WPS Office A Step-by-Step Guide WPS Office Academy

How to calculate pmt

However, there is a standard formula used for calculating the loan payoff amount of a mortgage based on the principal, the interest rate, the number of payments made, and the number of payments remaining. This article provides detailed information that will assist you in calculating your mortgage payoff amount based on the terms of your loan. Contact your lender to confirm that your calculation is correct based on the particulars of your mortgage. The PMT Function[1] is categorized under financial Excel functions. The function helps calculate the total payment (principal and interest) required to settle a loan or an investment with a fixed interest rate over a specific time period. The PMT Function in Excel calculates the periodic payments owed on a loan, assuming a fixed interest rate.

  1. Payments calculate through a financial formula used to determine the time value of money.
  2. It covers the function’s syntax, provides examples for monthly and quarterly calculations, introduces WPS Office features, and positions it as a valuable Microsoft Office substitute.
  3. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.
  4. In essence, our Finance Calculator is the foundation for most of our Financial Calculators.
  5. However, there is a standard formula used for calculating the loan payoff amount of a mortgage based on the principal, the interest rate, the number of payments made, and the number of payments remaining.

Don’t forget to choose the correct input for whether payments are made at the beginning or end of compounding periods; the choice has large ramifications on the final amount of interest incurred. The Excel IPMT function is a financial function used to calculate the interest payment for a given period of an investment or a loan, based on constant periodic payments and a constant interest rate. For example, you can use IPMT to get the interest amount of a loan payment for the… The PMT function can be used to figure out the future payments for a loan, assuming constant payments and a constant interest rate.

Before you enter the PMT function, input the data, as shown above in columns A and B. Get instant access to video lessons taught by experienced investment bankers. Learn financial statement modeling, DCF, M&A, LBO, Comps and Excel shortcuts.


While most basic financial calculations can technically be done by hand, professors generally allow students to use financial calculators, even during exams. It’s not the ability to perform calculations by hand that’s important; it’s the understanding of financial concepts and how to apply them using these handy calculating tools that were invented. Our web-based financial calculator can serve as a good tool to have during lectures or homework, and because it is web-based, it is never out of reach, as long as a smartphone is nearby. The inclusion of a graph and a schedule, two things missing from physical calculators, can be more visually helpful for learning purposes.

How to calculate pmt

You can use RATE to calculate the periodic interest rate, then multiply as required to derive the annual interest rate. The mortgage loan has an annual interest rate of 6.00% per annum, with payments made on a monthly basis at the end of each month. This is also why the bank will pay more for keeping the money in long and for committing it there for fixed periods. The payment owed is derived from a constant interest rate, the number of periods (i.e. loan term), and the value of the original loan principal.


There can be no Mortgage Calculator, or Credit Card Calculator, or Auto Loan Calculator without the concept of the time value of money as explained by the Finance Calculator. As a matter of fact, our Investment Calculator is simply a rebranding of the Finance Calculator while everything underneath the hood is essentially the same. Upgrading to a paid membership gives you access to our extensive collection of plug-and-play Templates designed to power your performance—as well as CFI’s full course catalog and accredited Certification Programs.

Otherwise, they have no conclusive evidence that suggests they should invest so much money into a rental property. As another example, what about the evaluation of a business that generates $100 in income every year? What about the payment of a down payment of $30,000 and a monthly mortgage of $1,000? For these questions, the payment formula is quite complex, so it is best left in the hands of our Finance Calculator, which can help evaluate all these situations with the inclusion of the PMT function.

PMT Excel Function Syntax

The Excel PPMT function can be used to calculate the principal portion of a given loan payment. For example, you can use PPMT to calculate the principal amount of a payment for the first period, the last period, or any period in between. If you make payments monthly, rather than yearly, divide this number by 12. For any business student, it is an immensely difficult task to navigate finance courses without a handy financial calculator.

More Time Value of Money Calculators

The number 0 means the end of the payment period, and 1 means the beginning of the payment period. Suppose a consumer has taken out a $400,000 mortgage loan to finance the purchase of a house. Periodic Payment (PMT) can be included but is not a required element.

The PMT function provides a way to calculate loan payments and savings plans in Excel. For example, you can use it to determine the annual or monthly amount required to pay off (or partially pay off) a loan or how much to set aside each month or quarter to reach a savings goal. The final step is to enter our inputs into the “PMT” function in Excel, which calculates the implied monthly payment on the twenty-year mortgage as $2,866 per month. The Excel CUMIPMT function is a financial function that returns the cumulative interest paid on a loan between a start period and an end period. You can use CUMIPMT to determine the total interest paid on a loan, or the interest paid between any two payment periods. The Excel RATE function is a financial function that returns the interest rate per period of an annuity.

In order for the implied payment to be accurate, consistency in the units used (i.e. days, months, or years) is essential. In a world of financial complexity, the PMT function in WPS Office shines as a solution. This increased value in money at the end of a period of collecting interest is called future value in finance.

The image below includes several examples of the PMT function calculating loan payments and savings plans. The PMT function in WPS Office simplifies financial planning, helping you calculate regular payments for loans or investments accurately. Suppose $100 (PV) is invested in a savings account that pays 10% interest (I/Y) per year. This $110 is equal to the original principal of $100 plus $10 in interest. $110 is the future value of $100 invested for one year at 10%, meaning that $100 today is worth $110 in one year, given that the interest rate is 10%.

Formula – How the Payment amount is calculated

PMT or periodic payment is an inflow or outflow amount that occurs at each period of a financial stream. Take, for instance, a rental property that brings in rental income of $1,000 per month, a recurring cash flow. Investors may wonder what the cash flow of $1,000 per month for 10 years is worth.

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